Commentary of Fr. Jesús Fernández to the Gospel of May 31, Pentecost Sunday (Jn 20,19-23)

The celebration of Pentecost closes the cycle of Easter The resurrection and Pentecost constitute an inseparable unity.The presence of the Risen Christ in the human heart and in the world is through the Holy Spirit; his nourishment is the strength and the ardor that the Holy Spirit transmits to us, and transforms our interior. Pentecost is a mystery of the interiority of the presence of the Holy Trinity in us. With the Holy Spirit we receive the gift of peace and unity.

Everyone heard them speak in their respective languages. When Peter spoke publicly after such a lively and fire-filled presence of the Holy Spirit, and they heard wonders from God. We read this in the Acts of the Apostles 2:9-11. The wonders of God have entered into people’s hearts and we can speak freely of God.

The Church is called to be a living temple of the Holy Spirit. A people born to live fraternal charity, that is the Church. No one can speak of Christ and the Father except through the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit purifies us, makes us live the beatitudes of the clean of heart in a special way, because they will see God. The Holy Spirit is the one who makes it possible for us to live the Our Father as his true children, by grace. From the Holy Spirit springs our faith and hope and we can live charity. The Holy Spirit presents us with and transmits to us the Father’s embrace and love. It is the love that is in the Father and in the Son; it is that love that the Father grants us by receiving the Holy Spirit. Christ has asked us to receive him, in his image and likeness.

The Holy Spirit teaches us to move, but not only to move, He allows us to reach the heart of the Father. Love makes us accept the other person, and that is the product or fruit of the Holy Spirit. And not only accept it, respect it, it fills us with tenderness, it makes us understand people, even in their weaknesses.

This is the fruit of the Holy Spirit. The hymn to charity, for example, is the work of the Holy Spirit. When St. Paul in the first letter to the Corinthians, in chapter 13 says: love excuses everything, believes everything, hopes everything, tolerates everything, this would not be possible without the Holy Spirit. Whoever is full of love can bear and endure many things, without feeling overwhelmed or overburdened by it.

To bear is not to bear everything that is thrown at a person, it is to hold, like one who holds a weight with his arms raised. We are talking about the strength of love, the strength that the Holy Spirit transmits to us, nothing to do with our poor strength.

The Holy Spirit is the principle of all prayer, therefore of the Our Father. When Christ says to the disciples: When you go to pray say: Our Father, it is not without the presence of the Holy Spirit, because the Our Father is a Trinitarian prayer. It is Christ who asks us to address the Father through the Holy Spirit. And what are His characteristics? Filial intimacy, profundity, welcoming, listening attitude.

The Our Father leads us to the community, it is not to be lived alone. The word says it: Our Father, not my father or your father, a community of love. That is the fruit of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of truth, as the evangelist John says in chapter 14, 17-26. St. Paul tells us: “Where the Spirit of love is, there is freedom.” The second letter to the Corinthians: The freedom of the Holy Spirit has as its nature filiation, friendship and the spirit of service.

And when we speak of sonship is that we receive the Spirit of a son, not a servant, as St. Paul says in the letter to the Romans, and that is transmitted to us by the Holy Spirit. Friendship is a gift of the Holy Spirit and in St. John we read these words of Christ: “I no longer call you servants, I call you friends. The Holy Spirit is flame, is fire, is breeze, is wind. The Holy Spirit is pure grace, pure grace. The Holy Spirit is said to come from nowhere and to go nowhere, but the truth is that He leads us to the heart of the Father. The Holy Spirit is the true master of the spiritual life, he is the great pedagogue.

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